Animals: Common and Scientific Names


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[page 157]

Mammals
Common Name Scientific Name
antelope, prong-horned Antilocapra americana (Ord)
badger Taxidea taxus (Shreber)
bats *
free-tailed Tadarida spp (3)
mastif Eumops spp (2)
plain-nosed Myotis spp (9)
bear, black Euarctos americanus (Pallas)
beaver Castor canadensis Kuhle
bobcat Lynx rufus (Shreber)
chipmunk Eutamias spp (4)
coati (or coatimundi) Nasua narica (Linnaeus)
coyote Canis latrans Say
deer
mule (or black-tailed) Odocoileus hemionus (Rafinesque)
white-tailed (or eastern) O. virginianus (Zimmermann)
elk Cervus canadensis (Erxleben)
fox
gray Urocyon cinereoargenteus (Shreber)
Kit Vulpes macrotis Merriam
gopher, pocket Thomomys spp (3)
javelina Pecari tajacu (Linnaeus)
mountain lion Felis concolor Linnaeus
mouse (most common)
cactus Peromyscus eremicus (Baird)
pinyon P. truei (Shufeldt) **
pocket Perognathus spp (10)
muskrat Ondatra zibethica (Linnaeus)
otter, river Lutra canadensis (Shreber)
prairie dog, Gunnison's Cynomys gunnisoni
porcupine Erethizon dorsatum Linnaeus
rabbit
cottontail Sylvilagus spp (3)
jack Lepus spp (2)
raccoon Procyon lotor (Linnaeus)
rat
kangaroo Dipodomys spp (5)
pack Neotoma albigula Hartley
wood Neotoma spp (4)
ringtail Bassariscus astutus (Lichenstein)
sheep, bighorn Ovis canadensis Shaw
shrew
desert Notiosorex crawfordi (Coues)
vagrant (and others) Sorex spp (4)
skunk
hog-nosed Conepatus mesoleucus Lichenstein
hooded Mephitis macroura (Lichenstein)
striped M. mephitis (Shreber)
spotted Spilogale putorius (Linnaeus)
squirrel
Abert's Sciurus aberti Woodhouse
Kaibab Sub S. aberti
Apache S. apache J.A. Allen
Arizona gray S. arizonensis (Coues)
red Tamiasciurus hudsonicus
ground Citellus spp (7)
vole
long-tailed Microtus longicaudus Merriam
Mexican M. Mexicanus (Saussure)
montane M. montanus (Peale)


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Birds
Common Name Scientific Name
Dove
Mourning Zenaida macroura (Linnaeus)
White-winged Z. asiatica (Linnaeus)
Eagle
Bald Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Linnaeus)
Golden Aquila chrysaetos (Linnaeus)
Gnatcatcher, Blue-gray Polioptila caerulea (Linnaeus)
Grosbeak, Blue Guiraea caerulea (Linnaeus)
Grouse, Blue (or Dusky) Dendragapus obscurus (Say)
Hawk
Cooper's Accipiter cooperii (Bonaparte)
Red-tailed (or Common) Buteo jamaicensis (Gmelin)
Jay, Rocky Mountain (also Gray or Canada) Perisoreus canadensis (Linnaeus)
Kestrel, American Falco sparverius Linnaeus
Owl
Elf Micrathene whitneyi (Cooper)
Great-Horned Bubo virginianus (Gmelin)
Pelican
Brown Pelecanus occidentalis Linnaeus
White P. erythrorhynchos Gmelin
Pigeon, Band-tailed Columba fasciata Say
Pipit, Water (or American) Anthus spinoletta (Linnaeus)
Pheasant Phasianus colchicas
Quail
Bobwhite Colinus virginianus
Gambel's (or Desert) Lophortyx Gambelii Gambel
Scaled Callipepla squamata (Vigors)
Roadrunner Geococcyx californianus (Lesson)
Sapsucker, Yellow-bellied Sphyrapicus varius (Linnaeus)
Sparrow
Chipping Spizella passerina (Bechstein)
Vesper Pooecetes gramineus (Gmelin)
Titmouse, Plain Parus inornatus Gambel
Turkey, Wild Meleagris gallopavo Linnaeus
Vulture, Turkey Carthartes aura (Linnaeus)
Warbler, Lucy's Vermivora luciae (Cooper)
Woodpecker
Acorn Melanerpes formicivorus (Swainson)
Gila Centurus uropygialis Baird
Wren, Cactus Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus (Lafresnaye)

Amphibians and Reptiles
Common Name Scientific Name
frog, canyon treefrog Hyla arenicolor Cope
lizard
banded gecko Coleonyx variegatus Baird
desert iguana Dipsosaurus dorsalis Baird and Girard
Gila monster Heloderma suspectum Cope
side-blotched lizard Uta stansburiana Baird and Girard
whiptail lizard Cnemidophorus spp (6)
salamander, tiger Ambystoma tigrinum Green
snake
blind snake, western Leptotyphlops humilis Baird and Girard
bullsnake (or gopher snake) Pituophis melanoleucus Daudin
burrowing snake, banded Chilomeniscus cinctus Cope
coral snake, Arizona Micruroides euryxanthus Kennicott
garter snake, checkered Thamnophis marcianus Baird and Girard
glossy snake Arizona elegans Kennicott
leaf-nosed snake, saddled Phyllorhynchus browni Stejneger
leaf-nosed snake, spotted P. decurtatus Cope
long-nosed snake Rhinocheilus lecontei Baird and Girard
shovel-nosed snake, Sonora Chionactis palarostris Kaluber
shovel-nosed snake, western C. occipitalis Hallowell
whipsnake (or coachwhip) Masticophis flagellum Shaw
whipsnake, striped M. taeniatus Hallowell
toad
Colorado River toad Bufo alvarius Girard
Great Plains toad B. cognatus Say
spadefoot toad, Couch's Scaphiopus couchi Baird
spadefoot toad, western S. (Spea) hammondi Baird
tortoise, desert Gopherus agassizi Cooper


Notes

*. 14 other species of bats reported in Arizona

**. 7 other Peromyscus species are known in Arizona.

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